ragg2

ragg2 stands for radare2 egg, this is the basic block to construct relocatable snippets of code to be used for injection in target processes when doing exploiting.

ragg2 compiles programs written in a simple high-level language into tiny binaries for x86, x86-64, and ARM.

By default it will compile it's own ragg2 language, but you can also compile C code using GCC or Clang shellcodes depending on the file extension. Lets create C file called a.c:

int main() {
    write(1, "Hello World\n", 13);
    return 0;
}
$ ragg2 -a x86 -b32 a.c
e900000000488d3516000000bf01000000b80400000248c7c20d0000000f0531c0c348656c6c6f20576f726c640a00

$ rasm2 -a x86 -b 32 -D e900000000488d3516000000bf01000000b80400000248c7c20d0000000f0531c0c348656c6c6f20576f726c640a00
0x00000000   5               e900000000  jmp 5
0x00000005   1                       48  dec eax
0x00000006   6             8d3516000000  lea esi, [0x16]
0x0000000c   5               bf01000000  mov edi, 1
0x00000011   5               b804000002  mov eax, 0x2000004
0x00000016   1                       48  dec eax
0x00000017   6             c7c20d000000  mov edx, 0xd
0x0000001d   2                     0f05  syscall
0x0000001f   2                     31c0  xor eax, eax
0x00000021   1                       c3  ret
0x00000022   1                       48  dec eax
0x00000023   2                     656c  insb byte es:[edi], dx
0x00000025   1                       6c  insb byte es:[edi], dx
0x00000026   1                       6f  outsd dx, dword [esi]
0x00000027   3                   20576f  and byte [edi + 0x6f], dl
0x0000002a   2                     726c  jb 0x98
0x0000002c   3                   640a00  or al, byte fs:[eax]

Compiling ragg2 example

$ cat hello.r
exit@syscall(1);

main@global() {
    exit(2);
}

$ ragg2 -a x86 -b 64 hello.r
48c7c00200000050488b3c2448c7c0010000000f054883c408c3
0x00000000   1                       48  dec eax
0x00000001   6             c7c002000000  mov eax, 2
0x00000007   1                       50  push eax
0x00000008   1                       48  dec eax
0x00000009   3                   8b3c24  mov edi, dword [esp]
0x0000000c   1                       48  dec eax
0x0000000d   6             c7c001000000  mov eax, 1
0x00000013   2                     0f05  syscall
0x00000015   1                       48  dec eax
0x00000016   3                   83c408  add esp, 8
0x00000019   1                       c3  ret

$ rasm2 -a x86 -b 64 -D 48c7c00200000050488b3c2448c7c0010000000f054883c408c3
0x00000000   7           48c7c002000000  mov rax, 2
0x00000007   1                       50  push rax
0x00000008   4                 488b3c24  mov rdi, qword [rsp]
0x0000000c   7           48c7c001000000  mov rax, 1
0x00000013   2                     0f05  syscall
0x00000015   4                 4883c408  add rsp, 8
0x00000019   1                       c3  ret

Tiny binaries

You can create them using the -F flag in ragg2, or the -C in rabin2.

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