The visual mode is a more user-friendly interface alternative to radare2's command-line prompt. It allows easy navigation, has a cursor mode for selecting bytes, and offers numerous key bindings to simplify debugger use.
To enter visual mode, use
V command. To exit from it back to command line, press
Navigation can be done using HJKL or arrow keys and PgUp/PgDown keys. It also understands usual Home/End keys.
Like in Vim the movements can be repeated by preceding the navigation key with the number, for
5j will move down for 5 lines, or
2l will move 2 characters right.
print modes aka panels
The Visual mode uses "print modes" which are basically different panel that you can rotate. By default those are:
↻ Hexdump panel -> Disassembly panel → Debugger panel → Hexadecimal words dump panel → Hex-less hexdump panel → Op analysis color map panel → Annotated hexdump panel ↺.
Notice that the top of the panel contains the command which is used, for example for the disassembly panel:
[0x00404890 16% 120 /bin/ls]> pd $r @ entry0
To see help on all key bindings defined for visual mode, press
Visual mode help: ? show this help ?? show the user-friendly hud % in cursor mode finds matching pair, or toggle autoblocksz @ redraw screen every 1s (multi-user view) ^ seek to the begining of the function ! enter into the visual panels mode _ enter the flag/comment/functions/.. hud (same as VF_) = set cmd.vprompt (top row) | set cmd.cprompt (right column) . seek to program counter \ toggle visual split mode " toggle the column mode (uses pC..) / in cursor mode search in current block :cmd run radare command ;[-]cmt add/remove comment 0 seek to beginning of current function [1-9] follow jmp/call identified by shortcut (like ;) ,file add a link to the text file /*+- change block size,  = resize hex.cols </> seek aligned to block size (seek cursor in cursor mode) a/A (a)ssemble code, visual (A)ssembler b browse symbols, flags, configurations, classes, ... B toggle breakpoint c/C toggle (c)ursor and (C)olors d[f?] define function, data, code, .. D enter visual diff mode (set diff.from/to e edit eval configuration variables f/F set/unset or browse flags. f- to unset, F to browse, .. gG go seek to begin and end of file (0-$s) hjkl move around (or HJKL) (left-down-up-right) i insert hex or string (in hexdump) use tab to toggle mK/'K mark/go to Key (any key) M walk the mounted filesystems n/N seek next/prev function/flag/hit (scr.nkey) g go/seek to given offset O toggle asm.pseudo and asm.esil p/P rotate print modes (hex, disasm, debug, words, buf) q back to radare shell r refresh screen / in cursor mode browse comments R randomize color palette (ecr) sS step / step over t browse types T enter textlog chat console (TT) uU undo/redo seek v visual function/vars code analysis menu V (V)iew graph using cmd.graph (agv?) wW seek cursor to next/prev word xX show xrefs/refs of current function from/to data/code yY copy and paste selection z fold/unfold comments in disassembly Z toggle zoom mode Enter follow address of jump/call Function Keys: (See 'e key.'), defaults to: F2 toggle breakpoint F4 run to cursor F7 single step F8 step over F9 continue